United Nations is an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and the achieving of world peace. The idea for the future United Nations as an international organization came up in declarations signed at the wartime Allied conferences namely, the Moscow and the Tehran Conferences of 1943.
The term “United. Nations” was coined by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt was first used in the “Declaration by United Nations”, 1942 during, the Second World War. Twenty Six nations represented and pledged their governments to continue fighting together against the Axis powers.
It replaced the League of Nations, an organization formed under similar circumstances during First World War. In 1945, representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on International Organization to draw up the United Nations Charter. The Organization is divided into administrative bodies namely, General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council, Secretariat, and International Court of Justice. The United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945, when the Charter had been ratified by the five permanent members of the Security Council namely, China, France, Soviet Union, United Kingdom, U.S. and by a majority of other signatories. The first meeting of the General Assembly and the Security Council took place in Westminster Central Hall, London in January 1946. United Nations Day is celebrated on 24 October every year.