The Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change (“IPCC”) is the scientific intergovernmental body for the assessment of climate change. It was established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) to provide a clear scientific view on the current state of climate change and its potential environmental and socio economic consequences. The main function of IPCC is to review and assess the current scientific, technical and socio economic information gathered worldwide relates to climate change.
It is an intergovernmental body opens to all members countries of UN and WMO. Governments are involved in the review process and in the plenary sessions where important decisions of IPCC workprogramme are taken, reports are adopted and approved. On a voluntary basis, scientists from different parts of the world contribute to the work of IPCC as authors, contributors and reviewers. They are supported by a central IPCC Secretariat which plan and coordinate all IPCC activities. The IPCC bureau and chairperson are elected in the plenary sessions. Review is considered as a cardinal part of IPCC process to ensure the complete assessment of current information.
IPCC is divided in three groups as working group I, II and III and assisted by a technical support unit. It also has a task force on national greenhouse gas inventories that helps to develop and refine a technique for calculating and reporting of national greenhouse gas emission.