Intergovernmental organization is an international organization comprised primarily of sovereign states or of other intergovernmental organizations. They are an important aspect of public international law and are established by treaty that acts as a charter creating the group. Intergovernmental organizations facilitate to preserve peace through conflict resolution between the states and conflicts within the states. They promote international cooperation in the areas of environmental protection, human rights, social development, and economic development.
The most prominent Intergovernmental organization involved in conflict resolution is the United Nations. For example, chapter VI of UN charter prescribes a number of mechanisms for facilitating conflict resolution, such as fact-finding, conciliation, mediation, and negotiation.
Intergovernmental organizations are also useful to states as they provide a forum for discussion between states, helps to facilitate issue linkages that may provide cooperation. The multilateral nature of Intergovernmental organizations results in impartiality.