Recognizing that serious violations of humanitarian law were committed in Rwanda, the Security Council created the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda in November of 1994. This measure was to contribute to the process of national reconciliation in Rwanda and for the maintenance of peace in the region. This Tribunal was established for the prosecution of persons responsible for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of Rwanda between January 1, 1994 and December 31, 1994. It also deals with the prosecution of Rwandan citizens responsible for genocide and other such violations of international law committed in the territory of neighboring States during the same period.
The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda is governed by the Statute of the International Tribunal for Rwanda, which is annexed to Security Council Resolution 955. The Rules of Procedure and Evidence the Judges adopt in accordance with Article 14 of the Statute, establish the necessary framework for the functioning of the judicial system.