Indigenous people are those who historically belonged to a particular region or country, before its colonization or transformation into a State, and may have unique cultural, linguistic, traditional, and other characteristics. United Nations Human Rights Council adopted U.N. Draft Declaration on the rights of Indigenous Peoples in 2006. It emphasized their right to maintain and strengthen their institutions, cultures, and traditions. But a subsidiary body of U.N General Assembly rejected the draft declaration.
In 2007, United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted by General Assembly. The declaration affirmed equality of indigenous people among others and they should be free from all kinds of discriminations while exercising their rights. Indigenous Peoples’ rights overlap with many other human rights. Many important Indigenous Peoples’ rights are part of general treaties like the Universal Declaration of Human Rights or the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.