International Labor Organization (“ILO”) has adopted and ratified various conventions and recommendations that cover subjects relating to work, employment, social security, social policy and human rights. ILO is continuously involved in advising governments on labor legislation. Understanding poor conditions at employment, a declaration by ILO known as the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work was adopted to encourage fair conditions of employment. ILO declaration focuses on following areas:
- freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining;
- elimination of forced and compulsory labor;
- abolition of child labor;
- elimination of discrimination in the workplace.
The four areas are merged and jointly know under the concept ‘decent work’. Accordingly features of decent work involve:
- opportunity to work that is productive and delivers a fair income;
- security in the workplace and social protection for families;
- better prospects for personal development and social integration;
- freedom for people to express their concerns, organize and participate in the decisions that affect their lives; and
- equality of opportunity and treatment for all women and men.