International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination was adopted by General Assembly on December 21, 1965. It came into force on January 4, 1969. The states agreed to the convention considering that the Charter of the United Nations is based on the principles of the dignity and equality inherent in all human beings. All member States have pledged themselves to take joint and separate action, in co-operation with the Organization. The purpose is to promote and encourage universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion.