The Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951 is a convention of the International Labor Organization. The General Conference of the International Labor Organization was convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International Labor Office. At its thirty-fourth session on 6th June 1951, the International Labor Organization decided to adopt certain proposals with regard to the principle of equal remuneration for men and women workers for work of equal value. This proposal was the seventh item on the agenda of the session. It was determined that these proposals shall take the form of an international Convention. Therefore the Equal Remuneration Convention was adopted on June 29th, 1951.
The Equal Remuneration Convention enjoins members to take appropriate steps to ensure that the rates of remuneration is equal to all workers on the basis of the principle of equal remuneration for men and women workers for work of equal value.
As per the provisions of the convention, this principle may be applied by means of—
- national laws or regulations
- legally established or recognised machinery for wage determination
- collective agreements between employees and workers; or
- a combination of these various means.
The Convention also provides that when such action helps in giving effect to the provisions of this Convention, measures should also be taken to promote objective appraisal of jobs on the basis of the work performed.
The method to be followed in the appraisal is left to the decision of the authorities responsible for the determination of rates of remuneration. However, where such rates are determined by collective agreements, the rates are decided by the parties concerned themselves.
However, in some cases it is inevitable that differential rates be awarded to workers. In such cases, the Convention however provides that the differential rates between workers as determined by objective appraisal which correspond, without regard to sex or to differences, shall not be considered as being contrary to the principle of equal remuneration for men and women workers for work of equal value.
To carry out the provisions of the Convention it is necessary that each and every member as well employers and labor organizations work towards attainment of the goals of the Convention. Therefore the Convention also urges all members to “co-operate with the employers’ and workers’ organizations concerned for the purpose of giving effect to the provisions of this Convention…”