The Guidelines for Action on Children in the Criminal Justice System was recommended by a resolution in the Economic and Social Council on July 21, 1997. These guidelines were put forward with two main objectives:
“( a ) To implement the Convention on the Rights of the Child and to pursue the goals set forth in the Convention with regard to children in the context of the administration of juvenile justice, as well as to use and apply the United Nations standards and norms in juvenile justice and other related instruments, such as the Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power;
( b ) To facilitate the provision of assistance to States parties for the effective implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and related instruments.”
The guidelines were prepared by a group of experts consisting of:
- 29 experts from 11 states
- representatives of the Centre for Human Rights of the Secretariat,
- the United Nations Children’s Fund and the Committee on the Rights of the Child, and
- observers for non-governmental organizations concerned with juvenile justice.