The United Nations emphasizes that the member states fully and effectively implement all United Nations standards on human rights in their administration of justice.
Member states are urged to implement effective legislative and other mechanisms and procedures, and provide adequate resources, to ensure the full implementation of those standards. Governments are recommended to provide training, including gender-sensitive training, in human rights in the administration of justice, including juvenile justice, to all judges, lawyers, prosecutors, social workers, immigration and police officers, and other professionals concerned, including personnel deployed in international field presences to ensure protection of human rights in the administration of justice. They provide technical assistance through United Nations programs for the states, in order to strengthen national capacities and infrastructures in the field of the administration of justice.
It emphasizes the special need for national capacity-building in the field of the administration of justice, through reform of the judiciary, the police and the penal system, including juvenile justice reforms and for establishing and maintaining stable societies and the rule of law in post-conflict situations.
United Nations have worked out several conventions and ensuing principles to protect the basic rights of persons under detention or imprisonment. They include covenants such as the Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners; Basic Principles for the Treatment of Prisoners; Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment; United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty; and Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.