The General Assembly of the United Nations adopted and proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on December 10, 1948. As a result, December 10 is considered as world human rights day. The General Assembly proclaims this Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations. The declaration aims that every individual and every organ of society shall strive to promote these rights.
The preamble of the declaration state as follows:
- The inherent dignity and equal rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,
- The advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want is the highest aspiration of the common people,
- Only if human rights are be protected by the rule of law, man will not turn to rebellion as a last resort against tyranny and oppression,
- It is essential to promote development of friendly relations between nations,
- The peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,
- Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in co-operation with the United Nations, the promotion of human rights and fundamental freedoms,
- A common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the greatest importance for the full realization of the declaration.
Since the adoption of Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, the declaration has been and continues to be a source of inspiration for national and international efforts to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms.