The International Criminal Court is an independent institution. The Court is not part of the United Nations, but it maintains a cooperative relationship with the U.N. Statute of the International Criminal Court and its Rules of Procedure and Evidence have the series of rights granted to victims and witnesses. Provisions of the statute for the protection and support of victims and witnesses are key for the successful functioning of the Court. The court aims to ensure that victims can participate in proceedings and witnesses testify freely and truthfully without fear of retribution.
The court also ensures a fair trial to the accused. Participation in the Court’s proceedings will in most cases take place through a legal representative and will be conducted in a manner which is not prejudicial or inconsistent with the rights of the accused.
Furthermore, appropriate measures are taken by the court to protect the safety, physical and psychological well-being, dignity and privacy of victims and witnesses.